The following references were used in the development of the Roadmap.

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World Solar Power 2014: Countries Installing Equivalent Of 12 Nuclear Power Plants Worth Of Solar Capacity World Solar Power 2014: Countries Installing Equivalent Of 12 Nuclear Power Plants Worth Of Solar Capacity

Angelo Young, International Business Times, October 8, 2014

This short article looks at the trends in solar capacity installations and power.

Global Installed Wind Power Capacity Will (Almost) Double in Five Years GWEC: Global Installed Wind Power Capacity Will (Almost) Double in Five Years

Jennifer Runyon, Chief Editor,, April, 10th 2014

A look at global wind trends in capacity, where they have come from and where they are going.

Land use Land-Use Requirements for Solar Power Plants in the United States

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, June 2013

Sean Ong, Clinton Campbell, Paul Denholm, Robert Margolis, and Garvin Heath

Study that identifies the land use of solar installations in the United States.

snip  of nuclear Nuclear Power in the World Today

World Nuclear Association, April 2014

Detailed look at the use of nuclear fission around the world.

Renewable Energy, Nuclear Power and Galileo Renewable Energy, Nuclear Power and Galileo

James Hansen, Earth Institute, Columbia University, February 21st, 2014

Presented here is climate and energy data to help expose popular misconceptions about energy.  These misconceptions have a greater impact on prospects for stabilizing climate and preserving the remarkable life on our planet than fossil fuel lobbyists and climate change deniers will ever have.

Solar energy Solar Market Insight Report 2013 Year in Review

Solar Energy Industries Association, March 4th, 2014

The quarterly SEIA/GTM Research U.S. Solar Market Insight™ report shows the major trends in the U.S. solar industry.

 wind-turbines-in-field_GyZs0wdO Plan Outlines Low-Carbon Future for Germany

Diana S. Powers, The New York Times, November 30th, 2014

Scientists have developed a comprehensive computer model that simulates German energy supply and demand, in a bid to establish whether it is feasible for Germany to rely on renewable energy sources to power its economy and meet its carbon dioxide emission reduction targets. The answer is an unequivocal yes.

The world can be powered by alternative energy, using today’s technology, in 20-40 years, says Stanford researcher Mark Z. Jacobson The world can be powered by alternative energy, using today’s technology, in 20-40 years

Mark Z. Jacobson and UC-Davis researcher Mark A. Delucchi, January 26, 2011

Analysis of what is needed to convert the world’s energy supplies to clean and sustainable sources. It can be done with today’s technology at costs roughly comparable to conventional energy. But converting will be a massive undertaking on the scale of the moon landings. What is needed most is the societal and political will to make it happen

Providing all global energy with wind, water, and solar power Providing all global energy with wind, water, and solar power, Part I: Technologies, energy resources, quantities and areas of infrastructure, and materials

Mark Z. Jacobson, Mark A. Delucchi

Analysis of the feasibility of providing worldwide energy for all purposes (electric power, transportation, heating/cooling, etc.) from wind, water, and sunlight (WWS).

Sustainable Energy in America Sustainable Energy in America, 2014 Factbook

Bloomberg New energy Finance, The Business Council for Sustainable Energy

Provides a detailed look at the state of US energy and the role that a range of new technologies are playing in reshaping the industry

Wind energy Encyclopedia Entry: Wind

Institute for Energy Research

Narrative and graphical representation of the current state of wind-powered electricity generation and consumption in the United States.

US Sets Higher Fuel Efficiency Standards U.S. Sets Higher Fuel Efficiency Standards

Bill Vlasic, The New York Times

This article identifies and provides commentary on Obama’s 2012 standards for improving automobile mileage.

A New Long Term Assessment of Energy ROI A New Long Term Assessment of Energy Return on Investment (EROI) for U.S. Oil and Gas Discovery and Production

Megan C. Guilford, Charles A.S. Hall, Pete O’ Connor and Cutler J. Cleveland, October 14th, 2011

Oil and gas are the main sources of energy in the United States. Part of their appeal is the high Energy Return on Energy Investment (EROI) when procuring them. We assessed data from the United States Bureau of the Census of Mineral Industries, the Energy Information Administration (EIA), the Oil and Gas Journal for the years 1919–2007 and from oil analyst Jean Laherrere to derive EROI for both finding and producing oil and gas.

Industrial photovoltaic installation Solar at Scale

By Elon Musk, Peter Rive and Lyndon Rive June 16, 2014

Solar City acquires Silevo, Leveraging quality and economies of scale to lower solar production costs and improve quality and efficiency.

Solar Continues Trumping Fossil Fuel Pricing Solar Continues Trumping Fossil Fuel Pricing, With More Innovations To Come

Chip Register

Forbes article providing comments and figures around the reduction of solar costs and increase in adoption, especially regarding the past 5 years.

 Fossil industry is the subprime danger of this cycle Fossil Industry is the Subprime Danger of this Cycle

Ambrose Evans-Pritchard, July 9th, 2014

With record fossil fuel investments over the last six years, this article suggests that this is a bubble that wil soon burst due to unpredictability of fossil fuel prices, the active subversion of the renewables industry and global policy shifting.

old-factory_fkEdo1Id How Much Do Health Impacts From Fossil Fuel Electricity Cost the U.S. Economy?

Jusitn Gerdes, Forbes, April 8th, 2013

Article citing an EPA study that estimates external (health) costs associated with using fossil fuels. The researchers suggest that these costs would add from 14 to 35 cents to each kilowatt hour of electricity we use if they were internalized and that when considering renewables, and how much we are willing to pay for them, we should add that 14 cents.

Solar Panels Wall Cheapest Solar Ever? Austin Energy Buys PV From SunEdison at 5 Cents per Kilowatt-Hour

Eric Wesoff, March 10th, 2014,

Article Describing Austin Energy’s contract to buy Solar PV electricity from Sun Edison for less than 5 cents per Kw/h and comparing that price to other solar installations and forms of electricity generation.

Costs Benefits Choices On Signpost Showing Analysis And Value Of An Investment Summary of “The Economic, Climate, Fiscal, Power, and Demographic Impact of a National Fee-and-Dividend Carbon Tax” By REMI and Synapse

Regional Economic Models, Inc. (REMI) – Washington, DC, Synapse Energy Economics, Inc. (Synapse) – Cambridge, MA, June 9th, 2014

This report examines the economic, climate, budgetary, power generation, and demographic impacts of implementing a revenue-neutral carbon tax for nine regions of the United States. Full Study

abstract-world-heath-day-concept-with-globe-protected-by-human-hands-on-blu_GkIc0LT_ With Developing World’s Policy Support, Global Renewable Energy Generation Capacity Jumps to Record Level

Laura Williamson, June 4th, 2014

Renewable electricity capacity achieves new record level, increasing more than 8 % in 2013, accounting for more than 56% of net additions to global power capacity; renewables meet almost one-fifth of world final energy consumption.

nuclear power plant Nuclear Power Plant Construction Costs

David Schlissel and Bruce Biewald, Synapse Energy Economics, Inc., July 2008

Study about the rising costs of nuclear power generation plant construction.

Trading ship U.S. Coal Companies Scale Back Export Goals

Clifford Krauss, September 13, 2013

Global demand for coal is slumping as prices also fall, so U.S. coal companies lament the fall in coal exports.

House With Solar Panels Showing Sun Electricity Million Solar Roofs by 2020 Initiative

Environment California, Accessed November 26th, 2014


solar India Plans To Build The Largest Solar Plant In The World

Andrew Breiner, September 24, 2013

Article about the Indian solar PV generation facility currently under development in India. It will produce 4 Gigawatts of electricity and cover 23,000 acres. This will be the world’s largest solar plant and it is estimated that it will save 100,000+ deaths per year from coal power plant pollution.

 High Voltage Electric Pillar At Sunset Coal Displacing Natural Gas…Already

By Deborah Lawrence Rogers, October 13th, 2013

Article describing the fall in favorability for natural gas for electricity generation and its threat from coal and renewable electricity generation.

medical_110006293-011314int Jeff Hawkins: Recreating Human Intelligence

Singularity Hub, January 16th, 2009

Introduction to Jeff Hawkins, an original visionary of mobile computing and brain science enthusiast.

corn field It’s Time to Rethink America’s Corn System

Ensia, March 5th, 2013

Article describing the state and inefficiencies of America’s corn system as a system for feeding people.

Sea Oil Rig Drilling Platform Big Oil Companies Struggle to Justify Soaring Costs

By Daniel Gilbert and Justin Scheck

The Wall Street Journal, January 28th, 2014

Article that describes new oil prospecting projects and costs. Commentary on justifications for these increasing costs.

negative-trend-graph-lite-application-icon_MJyxj28O Trends in the Cost of Energy

By Zoltan Kiss, Seeking Alpha, April 5th 2013

In this article, the cost evolution of a variety of energy sources is examined. In particular, the role of renewable “Electronic Energy” in the form of PV is examined in detail.

Cash Background of hundert dollar bills  made in 2d software What Would Jefferson Do?

By Nancy Pfund and Ben Healey, DBL Investors, September, 2011

Report on the historical role of federal subsidies in shaping america’s energy future.


How Solar Power Could Slay the Fossil Fuel Empire by 2030

By Nafeez Ahmed, Motherboard: Vice News, December 10th, 2014

Article highlights the work of Tony Seba who is working toward an immediate future of solar power replacing fossil fuels and total energy market disruption.

 America Bloomburg 15is Shaking Off its Addiction to Oil

By Jeremy Scott Diamond, Lynn Doan, David Marino, Dan Murtaugh

Series of interactive slides examining America’s use and production of oil and associated trends over the last several years.


 Wind and Solar are Much less Financially Risky than Other Power Projects

By David Roberts,, December 11th, 2014

Article comparing the cost overruns of solar and wind projects to those associated with more mainstream power projects.

US_Congress_02-600x315 AP Poll: Half of Republicans Back Limits on Carbon

By: By Dina Cappiello, Associated Press

6 in 10 Americans, including half of surveyed Republicans, support implementation of a price on carbon. 

clean energy investment Bloomberg: Clean Energy Investment Jumps 16%, Shaking off Oil’s Drop

By: Louise Downing, Bloomberg, January 9th, 2015

Article highlighting the rise in solar and wind investment, despite falling oil prices.